Industrial benefits of Oxygen gas
Of all the elements in the world, one can't live without oxygen. In fact, it's the most abundant element in nature. And sure enough, we need a steady supply of it to breathe and maintain sufficient levels of energy for our bodies at all times.
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Industrial Benefits of Oxygen Gas
Other Uses of Oxygen Gas
Oxygen (O2) is a vital component that helps to keep us alive. It can be found at the bottom of most oceans and seas, as well as in buildings and homes as part of a water supply system. It is mostly composed of elementary gaseous oxygen (O2) which is locked up within air molecules. Oxygen is omnipresent, though it makes up only about 21% of our atmosphere and less than 1% of Earth's crust. In the world's oceans, seawater accounts for 97% of the dissolved oxygen, while ice caps and glaciers contain almost all the rest that occurs naturally, with soil containing most of what remain on land.
Oxygen reacts vigorously with combustible materials, especially in its pure state, releasing heat in the reaction process. Many reactions require the presence of water or are accelerated by a catalyst. Oxygen has a low boiling/ condensing point: -297.3°F (-183°C). The gas is approximately 1.1 times heavier than air and is slightly soluble in water and alcohol. Below its boiling point, oxygen is a pale blue liquid slightly heavier than water.
Oxygen as the second-largest volume industrial gas. Aside from its chemical name O2, may be referred to as GOX or GO when produced and delivered in gaseous form, or as LOX or LO when in its cryogenic liquid form.
Oxygen is produced in various ways. For example, on the one hand, oxygen can be a gas that is created at very cold temperatures in large quantities for purposes such as medical applications and semiconductor manufacturing. In addition it can also be found in higher quantities yet less purities typically made through adsorption technologies such as pressure swing adsorption or vacuum-pressure swing adsorption or simply referred to as vacuum-pressure swing absorption because of the type of equipment used during this process.
Ozone (O3) (an allotropic form of oxygen )is more reactive than ordinary oxygen. Ozone is formed in nature by electrical discharges or by irradiation with ultraviolet light. Commercial ozone generators mimic these natural process to make large amounts for industrial and environmental treatment processes or add a small amount of ozone to breathing air for its invigorating effect and "fresh air" scent.
Industrial Benefits of Oxygen Gas;
- In Multi-industry, Oxygen is used with fuel gases in gas welding, gas cutting, oxygen scarfing, flame cleaning, flame hardening, and flame straightening. In gas cutting, the oxygen must be of high quality to ensure a high cutting speed and a clean cut.
- The Steel industries remains the largest users of Oxygen( Metal Manufacturer). Modern steelmaking relies heavily on the use of oxygen to enrich air and increase combustion temperatures in blast furnaces and open hearth furnaces as well as to replace coke with other combustible materials. During the steel making process, unwanted carbon combines with oxygen to form carbon oxides, which leave as gases. Oxygen is fed into the steel bath through a special lance and is used to allow greater use of scrap metal in electric arc furnaces. Large quantities of oxygen are also used to make other metals, such as copper, lead, and zinc.
Oxygen enrichment of combustion air, or oxygen injection through lances, is used to an increasing extent in cupola furnaces, open-hearth furnaces, smelters for glass and mineral wool, and lime and cement kilns, to enhance their capacity and reduce energy requirements. Smelting times and energy consumption can also be reduced by special oxy-oil or oxy-gas burners in electro-steel furnaces and induction smelters for aluminum. A high thermal efficiency is achieved by these “oxy-fuel” burners, which mix fuel and oxygen at the tip of the burner. As a result, rapid combustion occurs at approximately 2800o C (5072oF).
- In aspect of Chemical, Pharmaceuticals and Petroleum uses,Oxygen is used as a raw material in many oxidation processes, including the manufacturing of ethylene oxide,propylene oxide, synthesis gas using partial oxidation of a wide range of hydrocarbons, ethylene dichloride, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, vinyl chloride and phthalic acid.
Very large quantities of oxygen are also used in coal gasification — to generate a synthesis gas that can be used as a chemical feedstock or precursor for more easily- transported and easily-used fuels.
In refineries, oxygen is used to enrich the air feed to catalytic cracking regenerators, which increases capacity of the units. It is used in sulfur recovery units to achieve similar benefits. Oxygen is also used to regenerate catalysts.
Oxygen is used to achieve more complete combustion and destruction of hazardous and waste materials in incinerators.
- Conversion of combustion systems from air-fuel to oxy-fuel (and construction of new furnaces and tanks around this technology) results in better control of heating patterns, higher furnace efficiencies (lower fuel consumption) and reduction in particulate and NOx emissions. Glass and Ceramics Industry Uses
- In Pulp and Paper Maufacturing, Oxygen is increasingly important as a bleaching chemical. In the manufacture of high-quality bleached pulp, the lignin in the pulp must be removed in a bleaching process. Chlorine has been used for this purpose but new processes using oxygen reduce water pollution. Oxygen plus caustic soda can replace hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide in the bleaching process, resulting in lower costs.
In a chemical pulp mill, oxygen added to the combustion air increases the production capacity of the soda recovery boiler and the lime-reburning kiln. The use of oxygen in black liquor oxidation reduces the discharge of sulfur pollutants into the atmosphere.
- In Health Care line, is used during surgery, intensive care treatment, inhalation therapy, etc. High standards of purity and handling must be maintained. Oxygen is typically supplied to hospitals through bulk liquid deliveries, then distributed to usage points. It assists with respiratory problems for patients, saving lives and increasing patient comfort.
- In waste-water treatment, the use of oxygen instead of air permits increased capacity in existing treatment plants. Injecting oxygen into sewers, reduces hydrogen sulfide formation, which results in reduced corrosion and odor.
Also,Ozone is used for drinking water treatment, in particular when alternatives, such as chlorine, are undesirable.- Environmental uses
Other uses of Oxygen Gas;
Oxygen in breathing apparatus is also essential for, those doing underwater work, refinery and chemical plant self contained breathing apparatus.
For Aquaculture, the cultivation of fish in ponds, uses oxygenated water to allow/ to ensure sufficient oxygen is always present and to allow more fish to be raised or kept in a given size of pond or tank.
Liquid oxygen is used in liquid-fueled rockets as the oxidizer for fuels such as hydrogen and liquid methane.
Oxygen gas and Accessories are sold in our industrial supply store online, We supply to any location within Nigeria and West Africa in general kindly look in our store online, contact us sales@gz-supplies and let us know what you are looking for.